The term “Programming” is usually used in a singular way to describe a set of complex computer programming techniques and computer programming languages used to construct, run, manipulate and customize software. Computer programming languages range from high-level languages like C/C++, Java and Python to low-level languages for embedded systems like assemblers, interpreted languages, and assembly language. The goal of any programmer is to design a programming language that is easy to learn and implement but can achieve a sufficiently high degree of performance for that particular programming language. Programmers also want their languages, to be safe, fast and efficient enough to meet the needs of programmers and customers alike.
Programming language design is a field with multiple subdisciplines. The two most common areas of focus for computer programming languages are the high-level languages (C, C++, Objective C, etc.) and the low-level languages (such as assembly language, Perl, Pearl, Python, Ruby, Tcl, etc.). In the past, much of the programming was done in the high-level languages. Over time, however, many computer programming languages have evolved to support the needs of low-level languages.
Computer programming languages have developed, so that they can be used for not only writing but also for editing and reading source code. This allows computers to handle various types of programs: computers that execute text, tables, networks, or other structures that allow programmers to manipulate programs. Because computers can execute non-code text by hand, many computers now run both the programmer’s instructions and the resulting output directly from the computer’s memory. In some cases, the output from the computer is generated by a tool called a “text editor”, which is a computer application that displays the computer’s generated output on a screen.
Another important facet of programming languages is that they are usually written in a higher-order programming language (i.e. imperative, procedural, etc.). Higher-order languages allow programmers to define abstract syntax trees and allow for more flexible constructions. This is one of the main differences between higher order programming languages and different programming languages. Higher-order languages make it easier for programmers to abstract and define their concepts and to create more complex programs.
One type of programming language is the assembly language. Assembly programming, sometimes called “asm” or “cobol” programming, is a way to create machine code. Machine code is typically translated into human languages (i.e. English) through interpreting the code. This is done through translating the program, rather than translating the data.
There are two major areas of focus within the world of computer programming. One area focuses on the technology. This includes software design, which refers to how a programmer creates specific programs that will run on a particular machine. The second area of focus is the hardware engineering. This includes studying how computers work and developing specific systems that are used in the computer industry.
Pseudocode programming is often considered a form of black-box programming. Black-box programming refers to a programming paradigm where the programmer hides the information that the programmer has, such as function names or types, from the user. Pseudocode programming was made popular by the “closure” programming model, which was developed in the 1960s in the field of computer industry research. It is also considered the most efficient, yet least accurate form of programming.